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Migration for livelihoods is the predictable fact in the Odisha context because of the not level distribution of natural resources in rural areas and the growing level of regional inequalities between states and between villages and cities. The post-economic reform period has witnessed industrialization and the green revolution concentrated in some parts of Odisha. On the other hand, the district like Nuapada, Balangir Kalahandi is continuously dealing with the curse of poverty.
In addition, the social structure, drought in agriculture and forest, displacement, and aspiration for higher earnings are some of the key contributors of out-migration in Odisha. However, due to occupational, residential, and social vulnerabilities resulting from lack of identity, absence of social security, exploitation at work, no access to welfare schemes in another district, hard-working and living conditions affecting health, and poor awareness, migrants tend to spend more money to sustain their living at urban centres. Therefore, unless the government policies benefit the poorest, seasonal migration should be promoted as the free-market mechanism.
In addition to it, the livelihood must be also capable to cope and recover from stress and shocks for sustainability. During the livelihood intervention, the PARDA organization helped handhold support to 84 distressed migrant farmers. Those migrants are working the intrastate brickkiln & interstate brickkiln. “PARDA” A Voluntary Social organization working in partnership with Tata Trusts and the line department, has worked with two blocks. It reflects different models such as 50cent individual vegetable farm cluster vegetable farm, 50cent individual orchard, and Agroforestry and in addition line Department also supported to the project.
Round the year vegetable cultivation in the 50 cent model
Minimum Criteria of selecting beneficiary
(a) 0.5 acres of cultivable land available.
(b) Farmers have been primarily engaged in survival agriculture.
(c) Irrigation infrastructure exists or there is possibility of creation of new irrigation infrastructure.
- Permanent wire-based boundary fence and live hedge: A low cost wire-based boundary fence will be provided with concrete pillars or in wood pillars
- Vegetable Planning
- Border crops like drum sticks
- Papaya: – In the boundary around 100 drumstick and Papaya plants can be planted.
- Seasonal vegetable cultivation in 20 decimal lands: Vegetables will be grown through drip systems. In each of the seasons at least two vegetables will be grown such as Kaharif: Brinjal or Tomato and beans, Rabi season: onion and pea, summer season: Okra and chilli.
- Seasonal Gourd in 10 decimal lands: Ridge gourd, bottle gourd and bitter gourds will be cultivated in different season on trellis.
- Greens in 5 decimal: Green leafy vegetables like spinach etc. will be cultivated in this 5 decimal land for home consumption.
- Water Source to provide water round the year: Water sources like perennial streams or springs will be tapped to avail water for irrigation throughout the year. In the absence of the above either dug wells or bore wells will be dug as a source of water for irrigation.
- Irrigation: The crops will be irrigated either through gravity based pipe flow system or through lifting water through pumps. For lifting water from the streams, wells and bore wells, solar operated Portable pumps will be used.
PARDA; in tune with its nomenclature, believes that people have a right to a just and equal society. We are committed to making that right a reality for the people on the boarder lines of Indian society.